Bellon-Harn, M.L., Shashikanth, S., & Manchaiah, V.
Digital Health, 6, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1177/2055207620929785
Publication year: 2020

Purpose: The current study examines the source, content, usability, and actionability of YouTube content related to speech and/or language disorders (S/LD).

Method: The 100 most widely viewed videos related to children with S/LD were obtained. Sources of the upload were identified, and videos were analyzed to ascertain what pertinent information they contained for families. The Patient Education Material Assessment Tool-AudioVisual (PEMAT-AV) was used to assess understandability and actionability.

Results: The collective number of views of the videos was 4,165,406. The length of videos for all 100 videos was 760 minutes (i.e., 12 hours 40 minutes). A significant difference between video source groups was found for length of video, thumbs-up, and thumbs-down, but not for number of views. The YouTube videos related to S/LD covered a range of issues, although a majority of the content focused on signs/symptoms and treatment. Videos had close to adequate understandability (i.e., 68%), although poor actionability scores (i.e., 32%) were noted. Videos uploaded by the professionals were superior to other upload sources in understandability, but no difference was noted between video source for actionability.
Conclusions: Study insights about the source, content, usability, and actionability of YouTube help professionals understand the nature of online content related to speech and/or language disorders. Study implications and recommendations for further research are discussed.