Chundu, S., Allen, P.M., Han, W., Ratinaud, P., Krishna, R., & Manchaiah, V.
International Journal of Audiology, In Press.
Publication year: 2021

Objective: The aim of the current study was to examine the social representation (SR) of

‘hearing aids’ in people with hearing loss (PHL) in India, the Republic of Korea (ROK), the

United Kingdom (UK), and the United States of America (US).

Design: The study used a cross-sectional survey design. The data collected by using a free

association task were analysed qualitatively (i.e., content analysis) and quantitatively (i.e., chi-square

analysis, similarities analysis, prototypical analysis).

Study Sample: 424 participants with hearing loss

Results: The most commonly reported categories across all countries were ‘beneficial’, ‘cost

and time’, and ‘appearance and design’. Approximately 50% of the associations reported were

negative. There were variations in terms of the categories that were predominant in the SR of

each country. ‘Others’ actions and attitude’ category was predominantly reported by PHL in

India. ‘Disturbance’ and ‘dissatisfaction’ of hearing aids and the ‘repairs and maintenance of

hearing aids’ categories were mainly reported from the ROK and the US, respectively.

Conclusions: The current results highlight the main aspects that PHL report spontaneously

when they think about hearing aids. The findings will help to further inform public health

campaigns and will contribute to developing culturally appropriate media materials regarding

hearing aids.